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Profile Last Updated: July 18, 2007
In 1965, the seven Fundamental Principles were adopted by the 20th International Conference for the Red Cross. They were developed to link together the International Committee, Federation and National Societies. Their network is vast, but their approach is simple. All Red Cross programs and activities are guided by the Fundamental Principles of Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntary Service, Unity and Universality. These principles allow them to provide help immediately to whomever needs it, wherever they are, whatever their race, political beliefs, religion, social status, or culture.
What They Do
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement was born of desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, co-operation and lasting peace amongst all peoples and it makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions.
The Red Cross is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain and there can only be one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is world-wide.